A milder form of varicose veins, spider veins are smaller, have a different coloring – the smaller ones are reddish, while the bigger ones are bluish – and are less harmful. Even though they do not indicate any serious issue of the circulatory system, the truth is that are considered a major cosmetic concern when they appear on the face, especially around the nose and under eyes. Despite the fact that the exact causes of spider veins are currently unknown, numerous studies associate the condition with the following roots.
- Venous deficiency
Research indicates that one of the possible causes for spider veins could be a venous deficiency coming from a faulty backflow of blood in the veins. To put it simply, the inadequate flow causes pressure in the blood vessels that could result in damage to the veins’ walls. The pressure responsible for the vessel wall damage could be linked to high blood pressure, obesity or prolonged inflammation.
Studies suggest two segments of the population who are at higher risk of developing spider veins sooner or later. To be more precise, the condition could appear due to a stressful job that implies a lot of responsibility, but it can be the result of a sedentary lifestyle. Needless to point out that exercising does not only reduce the risk of spider veins, but also improves your overall health.
Aging does not just affect the composition of the skin, but also weakens the veins and capillaries. As the tissue that form the epidermis and blood vessels deteriorate, it is only natural that the spider veins become more visible. On a side note, the coloration of the broken capillary is an indicator of the repair capabilities of the affected veins, usually red for small broken capillaries and blue for larger ones. What this means is that damaged veins in younger skin are able to delegate their roles to the surrounding larger blood vessels and maintain a reddish color during the healing process.
As previously mentioned, prolonged inflammation puts pressure on the blood vessels and could damage the walls of the capillaries. Rosacea and eczema are inflammatory skin conditions with a similar mechanism that have been associated with the development of spider veins. In fact, as dermatologists point out any skin condition capable of causing inflammation and prolonged dilation of the veins could damage the delicate walls of the capillaries.
- Free radicals
Not only is sun exposure the number one cause of skin damage, but it can also be one of the main contributing factors in the development of spider veins, particularly in women with fair complexions. The second largest cause of damage to the epidermis and blood vessels is smoking. The other noteworthy free radicals known to cause tissue damage and add to the risk of the formation of spider veins include second-hand smoking, toxic exposure and pollution.
The good news is that women experiencing spider veins on the face can now manage them once and for all via innovative IPL treatments. Perhaps, the most known treatment for spider veins is FotoFacial, a radical therapy that improves the skin texture and gradually lightens the pigmented areas of the face.